Resources

This section is for teachers, parents, policy makers etc. and contains links to websites, books, and computer software about and to help with dyscalculia, as well as learning disabilities in general. For those interested in more technical information about dyscalculia research, there will soon be more links in the Research section to laboratories, research articles etc.

A section on New Zealand resources is in the works!

Note: Because dyscalculia is a few new area of study, and sites are written by authors of different backgrounds, you will find that opinions on sites differ. This is particularly important in reference to symptoms of dyscalculia. Inclusion of sites below does not necessarily constitute an endorsement of all the opinions on the site.

Websites on dyscalculia

www.mathematicalbrain.com. This is the website of Brian Butterworth, who is the UK's leading expert on dyscalculia. Updates on the latest research, and links to resources.

www.dyscalculiaforum.com. This is a great new site designed to spread the word about dyscalculia via a global discussion forum.

www.dyscalculia.org. The author of this site is a US special educator, Renee Newman. It contains many useful links to for teachers and for those in the US.

The Dyscalculia Centre. This site, sponsored by the publisher First and Best in Education Ltd, has links to resources for parents and teachers.

Websites on learning disabilities

United States National Center for Learning Disabilities. Has fact-sheets on dyscalculia, and links to local resources.

LD Online. US site with links to many resources, including further reading on mathematical disabilities.

LD Worldwide. A global international information site about learning disabilities, run by Learning Disabilities Worldwide, an organisation advised by researchers and clinicians. LDW also publishes books and journals, and organises conferences on learning disabilities.

The OECD's Brain and Learning site. OECD project to connect neuroscience and education.

Schwab Learning. US Non profit, has good general information about learning disabilities (though not much for maths).

Organisations

There are no organisations which are focused specifically on dyscalculia. However many national organisations for dyslexia or learning disabilities also address dyscalculia. Organisations which may be of particular help to parents are:

Dyslexia Action (UK). Formerly The Dyslexia Institute. Provides assessment and intervention all over the UK, and has a mathematics programme as well reading.

SPELD (New Zealand). SPELD tutors are available all over New Zealand, and many have some training in dyscalculia remediation as well as dyslexia.

GEPALM (France). This is the premiere French organisation for training special educators (orthophonistes) to treat dyscalculia (la dyscalculie).

Books for parents

Practical Activities for Children with Dyscalculia: Parents Edition by Tony Attwood. (2003). First and Best Education Ltd.

General books about mathematical cognition

Both of these books are a great introduction to what we know about how maths is processed by the brain, or the branch of cognitive neuroscience, known as "numerical cognition". They are written for the naive but scientifically literate reader.

The Number SenseThe Number Sense by Stanislas Dehaene.

Mathematical brain bookThe Mathematical Brain or "What Counts" (US version) by Brian Butterworth.

Guides for teachers

Brian Butterworth bookDyscalculia Guidance by Brian Butterworth & Dorian Yeo. (2004). nFER Nelson, London. This is an excellent guidebook based on both research and experience in special education. It includes information about dyscalculia, and specific suggestions for teaching as well as a full set of worksheet materials for remediation.

Glynis Hannel bookDyscalculia: Action Plans for Successful Learning in Mathematicsby Glynis Hannell. (2005). David Fulton Publishers Ltd, London. This book focuses more on suggestions and doesn't have worksheets, but contains a lot of very useful information for teachers.

The Trouble with Maths: A Practical Guide to Helping Learners with Numeracy Difficulties by Steve Chinn. (2004). Routledge Falmer, London.

Specific Learning Difficulties in Mathematics: A Classroom Approach by Olwen El-Naggar. (1996). Tamworth: NASEN.

Dorian Yeo bookDyslexia, Dyspraxia and Mathematicsby Dorian Yeo. (2003). Whurr Publishers, London.

Mathematics for dyslexics including dyscalculia by Steve Chinn and Richard Ashcroft. (2007, 3rd Edn). John Wiley & Sons Ltd, Chichester.

Teaching Mathematics to Students With Learning Disabilities by Nancy S. Bley & Carol Thornton. (2001) Pro-Ed.

Teaching software

The Number Race by Anna Wilson & Stanislas Dehaene. (2005). This adaptive game software was designed and programmed by the author of this site. It is free, and is designed to improve number sense in dyscalculia. So far research suggests that it is most useful for children aged 4-7. It is currently available in English (US), French, Dutch, German and Spanish.

MathBase 1 by Richard Glenburg. This UK software was designed by a special education teacher and focuses on basic number concepts. More advanced modules are also available as pupils progress.

To market, to market by Learning in Motion. This US software was not made for dyscalculia, but contains a lot of work with quantity, and was designed by experts in mathematical cognition.

Bubble reef by ICDC. This software, nominated for a BAFTA multimedia award, contains 12 games focusing on simple number activities normally learned in year 1 (counting, recognizing numerals, sequencing, simple operations).

Knowsley woods by ICDC. This software for children aged 7-11 contains 25 games focusing on more advanced number concepts (order & place value, operations, decimals and fractions).

NumberShark by White Space This software is designed by a special educator and contains 45 games focusing on a variety of numeracy concepts (counting, sequencing, operations and word problems).

For more maths software packages, try the following sites:

Turning Point Technology

Inclusive Technology

Sherston.com

Testing materials for teachers

Dyscalculia screenerDyscalculia Screenerby Brian Butterworth. (2003). nFER Nelson, London.